Cedric Gibbons has been called arguably the most important art director in the history of American cinema. Gibbons, born March 23, 1890 in New York, NY, began his work as supervising art director for MGM studios in 1924, where he has contributions to over 1,500 films, and direct credit for roughly 150. Gibbons was nominated by the Motion Picture Academy of Arts and Sciences for 37 Academy Awards and won 11, but only one was for a film that he had designed alone, The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1929). He was most noted in film history for replacing painted scenery with three-dimensional furnishings.
MARIE ANTOINETTE (1938)